In the shadow of Mt. Hakusan, Shirakawa-go is one of Gifu's must-visit destinations. Recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, this beautiful traditional village is the definition of picture-postcard perfect.
Shirakawa-go is best accessed by bus from JR Takayama.
From Nagoya and Gifu take the JR Takayama Line to Takayama. Buses to Shirakawa-go leave from the Takayama Bus Center and take around 50 minutes.
The focal point of Shirakawa-go is Ogimachi, a hamlet of gassho-zukuri style houses. Tall and narrow, with thatched roofs that slope steeply to the ground—a necessity during the heavy snowfalls of the winter—the name gassho-zukuri literally means "like praying hands."
Each house is a masterpiece of carpentry. They are built without nails—every beam slots neatly into the next. The structure is so sound that these houses have stood since the 1800s, even in this earthquake-prone nation.
Many of the buildings have been turned into museums, explaining the history of the region, the special architectural style, and features, and some of the key industries of Shirakawa-go. Several of these homes are guesthouses that offer lodging.
Just walking through the streets, breathing in the wood smoke, will transport you back to pre-modern Japan. Climb up to the Shirayama observatory, look out over the village, and take in views of a time gone by.
This outdoor museum recreates a village. It features functional buildings such as storerooms and a temple, as well as the ubiquitous houses. Here, you can see demonstrations of local crafts, some of which you can have a go at. There are restaurants and souvenir shops, making it an excellent place to rest weary legs.
Doburoku is the local tipple, a form of sake so popular that the autumn festival is built around it. Doburoku is an unfiltered sake that is a bit like moonshine—a "home" brew that is illegal to produce in all but a few designated special zones.
In mid-October, you can partake of the drink while watching performances of the Shishi-mai lion dance. The rest of the year the Doburoku Matsuri Hall can teach you all you need to know.
Some of the houses are still residences and are therefore understandably closed to the public. Others, however, are open and are definitely worth checking out.
The Wada House is right by the bus stop, in the center of Ogimachi, surrounded by a perfect Japanese garden.
The Kanda House is believed to be more than 150 years old and contains writing on the roof frame by the original carpenter from about 1850.
The Nagase House was home to a family of doctors and a display of Edo period (1603-1867) medical equipment is fascinating and troublesome in equal measure.
Silk farming was one of the main industries in pre-modern Shirakawa-go, and this museum explains the history and process. The Tajima House is actually dedicated to reviving the traditional silk farming industry.
Sadly no longer in use, the monk's residence next to the main temple has been turned into a museum of the temple's history since 1748. The temple itself is home to a large Buddha, and the bell tower and nearby yew tree are redolent of ancient Japan.
Shirakawa-go rewards return visits, as the shifting seasons bring out different aspects of the town. From the bright cherry blossom through the verdant summer, the fiery autumn leaves and the silent, white winter, Shirakawa-go always looks splendid.
You can cover most of Shirakawa-go in a couple of hours, but to really soak in the atmosphere, imagine the timelessness of life in rural Japan, and lose the stress of contemporary living, you will need longer. Staying overnight in one of the lodging houses is highly recommended, but you will need to book in advance.