The world-renowned bullet train offers you the highest rail speeds to match its peerless comfort. It is operated from Tokyo and speeds off to major cities around the country at regular intervals.
The shinkansen rockets down a number of different routes across Japan. The Tokaido-Sanyo Shinkansen links Tokyo and Hakata . The Tohoku Shinkansen links Tokyo and Shin-Aomori; the Johetsu Shinkansen links Tokyo and Niigata ; the Nagano Shinkansen links Tokyo and Nagano ; and the Kyushu Shinkansen in Kyushu presently links Shinyatsushiro (Kumamoto Prefecture) and Kagoshima Chuo (Kagoshima Prefecture).
There are three types of Tokaido-Sanyo Shinkansen, namely, Nozomi, Hikari, and Kodama. The Nozomi Shinkansen stops at fewer stations compared to the other two, and is your quickest route to the Kansai region of Kyoto , Osaka , Kobe and beyond. Note that the JR Rail Pass cannot be used on this particular train.
While generally white in color, the designated shinkansen to the Tohoku region come in electric green and a vibrant red. There is also a rare yellow shinkansen—known as Dr. Yellow—that monitors the conditions of the tracks and overhead wires. Keep an eye out, it is a lucky day if you catch a glimpse of the doctor.
There are three types of seats: Non-reserved seats, Reserved seats, and Green Car seats For detailed information on all available routes and fares, click on the following link — JR East : Shinkansen timetables/charges
Taking a trip on the shinkansen will almost certainly be one of the highlights of a trip to Japan. The sleek trains snake through the country's mountainous regions—or sometimes straight through the mountains—to a wide range of destinations. While this service is suitably priced for super quick express train travel in unrivalled comfort, costs can be reduced by purchasing one of a variety of passes. Take a look at the following link for all the regional passes and their respective routes and costs — Shinkansen (Bullet Train) Rail Passes : the regional passes and their respective routes and costs
If you are planning to use the shinkansen to travel throughout Japan, doing some research into how to buy shinkansen tickets will make the process smoother.