While all of these sites are striking examples of Japanese history, discover many other sites dotted around the country where you can set foot in Japan's past.
Aizuwakamatsu in Fukushima Prefecture is known as the land of the samurai. You can visit many sites showcasing samurai culture, including Tsuruga Castle . If you are interested in exploring the home of the quieter yet equally ruthless band of assassins—the ninja—head to the village of Iga Ueno in Mie Prefecture , or the Koka region in Shiga Prefecture .
The southern islands of Okinawa boast a rich history quite different to the mainland. Step foot within the stone walls of the long-lost Ryukyu Kingdom and discover extraordinary artistic, musical and culinary traditions.