With some of the coldest weather of the year, February demands physical activity and several layers to stay warm. Seasonal events often celebrate one of two things: winter weather, best seen in Sapporo's wildly popular Snow Festival; or boundless vigor, as with the Saidaiji Naked Man Festival . Winter sports present a popular way to pass a snowbound weekend, and piste conditions remain exceptionally good for most of the month in Japan's top snow sports areas.
A surprising amount of Japan's national identity rests on the idea of four distinct seasons. Spring, summer, autumn and winter all behave themselves and stick to the script, so the story goes. And yet the traditional Japanese calendar, curiously enough, has spring beginning on February 5. Don't be fooled, though—Japan is still very chilly (and also quite snowy) in some places, and you'll want to dress appropriately.
The undisputed top dog of winter-themed events in Japan, Sapporo's Snow Festival draws over a million visitors each year. A vast array of ice and snow sculptures at multiple venues provide the main attraction, but it doesn't end there. Food and drink on offer at countless kiosks keep moods buoyant as temperatures drop. Similar festivals with fewer crowds are the Akita Kamakura Festival , Niigata's Tokamachi Snow Festival and Aomori's Hirosaki Castle Snow Lantern Festival .
For something completely different all together, check out the Saidaiji Naked Man Festival in Okayama . With scores of loincloth-clad men fighting for dear life to prise fortune bestowing trinkets from each other's hands, it's a good example of how some things just need to be seen to be believed. Expect pummeling, breathless drama, lightning-fast reversals of fortune, and bare flesh everywhere you look. That's entertainment!
Since Japan is a mountainous nation with significant snowfall, you can find ski resorts all across the country, but mention skiing in Japan, and many people naturally think of Hokkaido . This is not without good reason: Niseko and the nearby resorts of Rusutsu and Kiroro rank among Japan's very best ski areas. High-quality powder snow, long runs, and extensive off-piste options all contribute to the prestige.
Nagano Prefecture's high altitude and alpine sports culture made it a natural choice for the 1998 Winter Olympics. With several famous resorts including Happo-one (home to Olympic-quality runs), Hakuba Village attracts a large number of skiers from abroad. Elsewhere, in the northeast of the prefecture, Shiga Kogen boasts a terrific array of resorts all covered by a single all-access pass. Members of Japan's royal family even ski here. On the northwest coast, Niigata is home to major resorts like Suginohara and Akakan, both well worth a visit.
Anyone allergic to winter weather can choose from various indoor alternatives. A dose of traditional performing arts at Ginza's Kabukiza will keep you entertained in a heated environment as will settling down in a department store. If all else fails, submerging yourself in the naturally heated waters of a hot spring resort is a time-honored way to keep warm.
Another option is to seek warmer climes down south. Okinawa is already in the middle of cherry blossom season in early February, with temperatures ranging from 15-20 degrees Celsius. Nearer to the mainland and easily reached by shinkansen, the island of Kyushu is relatively temperate and home to one of Japan's most famous onsen towns, Beppu .
Despite the cold, there is a theme of emerging vitality and new beginnings in February. Towards the comparatively warmer latter half of the month, plum trees bloom heralding the onset of spring. Kairakuen Garden in Ibaraki , Koshikawa Korakuen in Tokyo , Kitano Tenmangu Shrine in Kyoto and Dazaifu Tenmangu Shrine in Fukuoka are among the top spots to see the blossoms.